The joy of languages

Avoid These French False Friends!

While French and English languages famously share a large portion of their vocabulary with each other due to common history and close relations, a lot of the vocabulary that is common to both languages has lived different lives and followed different semantic paths until their meanings ended up being completely different at times.

So here’s a little cheatsheet about some of the most common, and potentially most embarrassing, false friends in French and English, so that you don’t shoot yourself in the foot… too often.

Introduce ≠ introduire

Please don’t try to ‘introduire’ anyone in French, at least not in public. This only means ‘to insert’ and wouldn’t be received too well by somebody you’ve just met. Instead use ‘présenter’ – a much better way to make new friends.

Deception ≠ déception

You might indeed be disappointed to figure out that somebody tried to deceive you – which is a good way of remembering that the French word ‘déception’ means ‘disappointment’ while ‘deception’ is ‘tromperie’.

Exciting ≠ excitant

Such an expressive word in English, one that can be used in pretty much any situation that sparks your enthusiasm. But translating it in French by ‘excitant !’ is a mistake you don’t (always) want to make: it mainly describes something that stimulates your body and desires… in a rather sexual way. Same goes with the direct translation of ‘I’m so excited’, ‘je suis trop excité’ which will undoubtedly provoke giggling and sniggering.

quoi?

Instead, you can express your excitement by saying ‘je me réjouis’ (‘I’m looking forward to it’) or ‘je suis impatient’ (‘I can’t wait’) and avoid all suggestiveness.

Actually ≠ actuellement

It is very tempting to use one for the other, given how similar they are. A classic mistake, especially given the (over-) use of the word in English, but actually, ‘actuellement’ means ‘currently’ and is not used as often as its English false friend. Instead, you can use ‘en fait’ (‘in fact’) or ‘en réalité’ (‘in reality’) to make sure you get your point across.

Preservatives ≠ préservatifs

You would never come across them in French food products ! And it’s not because they are purely fresh, but because the word ‘préservatifs’ means ‘condoms’ and I don’t know where you shop, but I’m sure that’s never OK, anywhere. Instead, you’ll find plenty of ‘conservateurs’ in processed food.

 

Eventually ≠ éventuellement

It seems like it’s too easy to be true to simply change an English word ending in -ly by a similar-sounding French word ending in -ment, and it is! Here again, the meaning of these two terms diverges quite significantly: ‘éventuellement’ means ‘potentially,’ and you’d have to use ‘finalement’ to say ‘eventually’.

 

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Here’s a completely unrelated picture of some cute kittens to keep you engaged. Keep reading below 😉

Although you might feel nervous about mixing these up in French and being misunderstood, know that the traps are real for both sides of the pond. Here are a few other false friends that will probably help you understand some of the mistakes a French speaker might make in English:

Sensible ≠ sensible

I still make mistakes with these two and realise, often too late, that I may have sounded slightly off topic in some situations by using the English word with the French meaning. For example, whilst blubbing like a baby to the first scene of Bambi, I would say: ‘I’m a very sensible person, you know!’ – when what I really mean is that I’m just a ‘sensitive’ soul. If you want to say ‘sensible’ in French, use the word ‘raisonnable’.

Demand ≠ demander

Please don’t feel too offended if a French person wants to ‘demand you something’; the French verb ‘demander’ simply means ‘to ask’ and isn’t meant to be an imperative order. Unless it’s your boss, then, maybe.

Do it!

Injure ≠ injure

It may be from the fact that insults can sometimes hurt more deeply than punches that these two words are such false-friends. Indeed, the word ‘injure’ in French means ‘insult’ while ‘an injure’ is ‘une blessure’ (which have nothing to do with ‘to bless?).

Envy ≠ envie

This one is pretty tricky. While the verb ‘envier’ has the same meaning as the English ‘to envy’, the noun ‘envie’ expresses a desire or a wish. In French, ‘j’ai envie de toi’ doesn’t mean ‘I envy you’ (‘je t’envie’), but rather ‘I want you’… so again, make sure this is said to the right person and not, let’s say, to your boss talking about their amazing holidays in the Seychelles.

Of course, making mistakes when learning a new language is a real mood-killer and can shake your confidence, but it is these differences and oddities that make speaking another language so enriching. So don’t be afraid of putting your foot in your mouth or leaving on ‘un malentendu’ (‘misunderstanding’), this is how we learn, and soon, you will laugh at the ‘sous-entendu’ (‘double entendre’) of some of these false-friends !

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Inside Memrise

A Peek into Gender Diversity at Memrise

International Women’s Day was first celebrated over 100 years ago shortly after the Suffragette movement took place. This year, the focus is on #PressForProgress where people are encouraged to progress the ‘gender parity mindset’ and bring communities together to become more gender inclusive. We wanted to take this opportunity to celebrate our diverse Memrise team, and share with you all how we plan to join in by making our pledge for the year!

One of our company values is Diversity. We pride ourselves in having a wonderfully diverse set of nationalities (more than 22) which brings a variety of cultures, languages, knowledge-sharing and ideas. Memrise strives to have an equal gender balance throughout all levels of the organisation.

We believe that it’s only fair that women are given the same opportunities and support to grow that men enjoy – we want our conversations to be influenced by representatives with as diverse a set of minds as possible! What’s more, we have a very equal split in our user base, and we focus on keeping our users in mind – from ideation through to delivery.

Our overall statistics are impressive – roughly 45% of our employees are female, and 42% of our managers are female, at different levels of the organisation. We are grateful for the high achieving women who have helped propel the company to where we are today.

In Engineering, we rose from 0% females in 2014, to 22% today. This is twice the UK average of 11% for 2017.

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How did we achieve this?

So far we have focused on inclusive language in our job specifications – in an article by Harvard Business Review “Why women don’t apply for jobs unless they are 100% qualified”, it mentions that the top reason people don’t apply is “I didn’t think they would hire me since I didn’t meet the qualifications, and I didn’t want to waste my time and energy”. In our job ads, we have tried to encourage applications and reinforce that we don’t need someone to meet all the criteria to see their value, with phrasing like: “Ideally you will have some or all of the following”  and “If you aren’t completely confident that you fit our exact criteria, please get in touch immediately. Humility is a wonderful thing and we’re not interested in hiring ‘rockstars’ or ‘ninjas’. And we’re at least as interested in character as in talent”.

 

What do our female ‘Memgineers’ like about working at Memrise?

c“I like working at Memrise for the chance to impact a huge user base and to work with smart, talented people. I love hearing different languages around the office, and learning about different cultures. I think curiosity and inclusion are important here! Everyone is encouraged to speak up, regardless of gender, position, or background.” 

– Chantel Spencer-Bowdage, Full Stack Software Engineer

 

What is it like being a mother at Memrise?

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“As a mother of two sons both under the age of 10, I find working at Memrise a blessing. The flexibility I am given for school drop off times and work from home if I want to on the days when I need, when my kids are ill, is just great. I am able to bring my children into the office if necessary, and everyone is so friendly and respectful to a working mum. I think Memrise would be the last place on earth to practise any kind of discrimination against mums!

– Tuba Demirel Sucu, UX Researcher

 

How do our engineers feel about gender diversity?

m“The aim of our ‘Diversity as part of company culture’ initiative is not to create an undue advantage for women, but simply to remove barriers to a level playing field. The goal should always be to give everyone an equal chance regardless of gender. It would be equally demeaning to be promoted/hired just because you’re a woman as it would be to get rejected because you’re a man.  We choose to hire women for the same reasons we choose to hire men, because they are good.”

– Beatrice Musca, QA Team Lead

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“What I also LOVE about Memrise, is that since I have joined the company, I have never had the feeling of being seen as just a woman. I have only felt that I am seen as a developer.”

– Monica Curti, Android Team Lead

Our commitment this year is to #PressForProgress and be a role model for equality – we pledge to take a step back and understand how we got to these figures. We’re a data-driven company, and understanding this will help us give back to the wider tech community. We want to encourage more women and people of other gender identities to apply, and we also hope to see similar results across the industry. We’re excited to see what is yet to come in 2018!

*Statistics as of the 8th March 2018

Memrise News & Events

We’re joining the Future Fifty 6 programme from Tech City UK!

We’re very excited to announce that we’re joining Future Fifty in 2018. The Future Fifty programme from Tech City UK has chosen a new cohort of 26 late-stage companies and we can’t wait to work with them all.

Future Fifty gives 26 fast-growing companies immediate access to a valuable peer network; expert-led classes and workshops designed to take their businesses to the next levels; and a higher profile amongst the wider tech ecosystem. Future Fifty companies represent some of the country’s most exciting growth stage tech businesses while changing the sectors that they operate in fundamentally.

In numbers:

The 26 late-stage companies this year are joining a larger network of Future Fifty companies and alumni, now totalling 126.

Of those that have been through the programme since 2014, Future Fifty’s track record now includes:

  • Five IPOs on the London Stock Exchange
  • 23 M&A’s of which 7 in the last year, including MatchesFashion.com (acquired $1bn), JustGiving (acquired $120m) and Shazam (acquired $400m).
  • Over $5.5bn raised in funding, including $1.7 billion in 2017
  • The companies have created 27,000 jobs around the world, demonstrating the extent to which tech is rapidly creating jobs and wealth throughout the UK, and have offices in 59 countries
  • A string of alumni companies that are household names including Just Eat and Zoopla.

The companies included, per sector:

Data, Analytics & Cybersecurity: Darktrace Ltd, Semafone, ZappiStore, OpenSignal

Fintech: LendInvest, OakNorth, Checkout.com, Ixaris Ltd

Digital Advertising & Marketing: Captify Technologies, Infectious Media

Enterprise Software: Paddle.com, CloudSense

SaaS: BigChange Apps, UKCloud, Biosite Systems, Click Travel, Masabi Ltd, Egress Software Technologies Ltd, EDITED

EdTech: Firefly Learning

App & Software Development: Featurespace, Memrise Limited

eCommerce & Marketplace: SIMBA, Trouva, MPB Group, SportPursuit

Parveen Dhanda, Programme Lead for Future Fifty at Tech City UK, said: “We’re delighted to welcome 26 new exceptional high- growth companies onto the Future Fifty programme for 2018 and to welcome back 24 of last year’s experienced participants. The Future Fifty class of 2018 includes companies from right across the UK, operating in sectors as diverse as cutting-edge fintech solutions, and innovative music hardware. But all these companies face common challenges in scaling their teams and operations and share an ambition to build world-beating global digital businesses.

“The Future Fifty will get access to some of the world’s leading innovators and experts in the form of our advisors and partners, and join a powerful network of the UK’s fastest-growing late-stage digital businesses, working to grow further, faster, together.”

Statistics:

• 31% companies based outside London

• 15% companies with female founder/co-founder

• Average company age: 8 years

• Average revenues per year: £24.4m

• Average number of employees: 142

• 69% Business to Business companies

• 15% Companies addressing both consumer/ business markets

• 15% Consumer-facing companies

• 11% Female board members

Some of the new companies joining Future Fifty along with Memrise:

BigChange Apps, Click TravelFirefly LearningInfectious Media, Masabi Ltd, SIMBA, and Trouva

Memrise Travel Tips

Be careful with these Japanese words!

Let’s explore the many possible ways you can put your foot in it and embarrass yourself by mis-saying Japanese words! Often getting something wrong is the best way to learn how to get it right: “Mistakes are the seeds for the flowers of success”(『失敗は成功の元』).

So this is your survival guide to avoid making glaring faux pas, a guide which will hopefully only reinforce your memory of these words!

Be sure to enunciate when paying compliments

If you are like me, you probably get shy and all squeaky-sounding when saying nice things to someone you fancy. When complimenting someone in Japanese, you’d better speak up loud and clear, as the simplest difference in pronunciation could potentially cost you an amazing date!

How it sounds in your head:

切った、髪
Kittane, kami
“Oh, you had a hair cut!”

うね
Niaune
“It suits you.”

いだよ
Kirei dayo
“You look beautiful.”

How your mumbling could sound if you’re not careful:

きったねえ、髪
Kitta, kami
“Ew, such dirty hair!”

うね
Nioune
“It smells.”

いだよ
Kirai dayo
“I hate you.”

Stretched sounds
It’s not only in sports where stretching makes the difference. Stretches of sounds in Japanese can make “a map” (chizu地図) into “cheese” (chīzuチーズ), or “dream” (yume) into “famous” (yūmē有名) … Not knowing when to stretch sounds can, in some cases, leave the other person quite puzzled. Here are some examples:

運行中は立ち上がらないでください
Unchū wa tachiagaranaide kudasai
“Please do not stand up while (the train) is in motion.”

うん中は立ち上がらないでください
Unkochū wa tachiagaranaide kudasai
“Please do not stand up when you’re ‘having a motion’ 💩.”

風鈴の音が忘れられない
rin no otoga wasurerarenai
“I cannot forget the sounds of bells.”

不倫の音が忘れられない
Furin no otoga wasurerarenai
“I cannot forget the sounds of adultery.”

キャンプの夜はカレーを食べました
Kyampu no yoru wa ka wo tabemashita
“I ate curry on the night of camping.”

キャンプの夜はかれ(彼)を食べました
Kyampu no yoru wa kare wo tabemashita
“I ate my boyfriend on the night of camping.”

50 shades of “you”
It is mind boggling to learn that there are so many ways to say “you” in Japanese. あなた (anata), 君 (kimi), お前 (omae), お前さん (omae-san), そちら (sochira), お宅 (otaku), おのれ (onore), 自分 (jibun), 貴様 (kisama) and so on… But what is even more puzzling is that NO ONE actually uses them in real life! These terms are outdated and although you will still see them in novels, songs, or TV dramas, they can actually make you come across rude or awkwardly distant in real situations. So what do you do in conversations? You refer to the other person by his/her name, adding honorific titles such as さん (san) or ちゃん (chan) if required.

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Being adventurous with food
Are you ready to try Japanese cuisine? Historically Japan had quite limited food resources and because of this the Japanese people developed a proud tradition of eating almost every part of the animals and fish found in Japan. Some of theses food items sound very similar, so make sure you understand what you are ordering!

しらす shirasu
= “baby sardines”

白子 shirako
= “fish testicles”

たらこ tarako
= “cod roe”

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Being kind on trains
Giving up your seat for someone else is a thoughtful gesture no matter what country you’re in. Just make sure you say it right! You don’t want to be mistaken for one of the infamous sexual gropers on Japanese public transport!

どうぞ、すわ(座)ってください
Dōzo, suwatte kudasai
“Please, sit”

どうぞ、さわ(触)ってください
Dōzo, sawatte kudasa
“Please, touch”

People are very sensitive about the amount of hair they have
Baldness is a very sensitive subject for a lot of men in Japan. It doesn’t help that we are a nation of dark haired people, which only serves to highlight the tiny amount of hair left on ones head, and thus making it look extra sad and pathetic. For some, being called a hage (ハゲ – “a bald head”) is all it takes to be emotionally destroyed. You may want to avoid saying this at all cost, but sadly there are many words that sound very similar.

そのヒゲ、やめたほうがいいですよ
Sono hige, yameta hōga iidesu yo
“You should get rid of that beard.”

そのハゲ、やめたほうがいいですよ
Sono hage, yameta hōga iidesu yo
“You should stop being so bald.”

影が見えたんで分かりました
Kage ga mietande wakarimashita
“I recognised because I saw your shadow.”

ハゲが見えたんで分かりました
Hage ga mietande wakarimashita
“I recognised you because I saw your bald head.”

そこのハケ、取ってください
Sokono hake, totte kudasai
“Could you pass me that brush please?”

そこのハゲ、取ってください
Sokono hage, totte kudasai
”Hey bald head, could you pass that to me please?”

Send in your personal faux pas, we are all ears!

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The joy of languages

What’s the romantic word?

In an age of lexical creativity that has given us “lit”, “salty” and “shook” to express states of being, have we come up with terms of endearment that better suit both a new generation of lovers and the complex context in which their relationships are taking place?

We recently polled our social media audience and looked into Google Trends data to learn if there has been any recent innovation in the way people in romantic relationships call one another.  Although our findings might not exactly leave you shook, they might just be little nuggets of insight into habits and innovation in the world of romantic English lexicon.

4Going into this, we thought bae was, by now, a regular go-to term of endearment  among younger generations. Surprisingly, it wasn’t even in the top 5 words likely to be used by our small group of survey respondents (50% of which are 18-24 years old). A glance at historical data from Google Trends seems to validate this, showing that having first peaked in popularity back in 2013, ‘bae’ is not so lit anymore – quite the contrary, in fact. Ever since 2014, the popularity of this term has been in steady decline, even if still included in listicles about millennial slang.

 

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Which, then,  is the go-to pet name for our S.O.’s nowadays? Well, love is really all you need, apparently. “Love” was the overall top pick among our survey respondents (regardless of age, gender or country of birth), followed by “honey”, “sweetheart”, “babe”, “baby” and “darling”. A few extra interesting facts:

  • “Honey” was the second most popular pick among people identifying themselves as female, and all people under 35 years old.
  • “Babe” was the second most popular pick in the US, but the term is perceived as offensive mainly by those living outside of the US and UK.
  • “Baby”  is a popular term among 25-34 year olds but considered outdated by the younger 18-24 group.

So there were seemingly no major love-related lexical innovations, as far as this poll could gather. But perhaps the term of endearment of choice has more to do with geography than generation. Digging a bit more into the online popularity of “sweetheart” and “darling”, we found that these two ToE are primarily used in the North of the UK (Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Liverpool) . Meanwhile, in the US “darling” is more popular in some Eastern states (Maine, Vermont and South Carolina) and “sweetheart” in some Western states (Montana, Utah and Colorado. Also, Hawaii). *Cue everyone trying to pronounce them in each of these regional accents.

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Finally, although widely perceived as an offensive term, it was curious to find b*tch being picked as a term of endearment (first choice regardless of age), even if it was in the undesirable list. The runners-up in ToEs considered offensive were, wait for it, babe and bae.

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Are we really lacking innovation in the romantic terms of endearment department, or is it that we all unknowingly seek to call our romantic partners by names that echo the feeling of comfort, safety and protection that we seek in and fulfil through our relationships?

We’re keen to hear your thoughts on this!

 

Culture around the world

How to Talk Like a Belgian Gourmand

Known mainly for its chocolate and beers, Belgium is a surprisingly diverse country that embraces the beauty and singularity of its 3 official languages, Belgian French, Flemish and Belgian German. As anyone who has travelled this flat land will tell you, its 3 regions have no reason to be linguistically or gastronomically envious of their neighbours. But, whatever language or dialect they speak, one of the things that unite Belgians is their love of food, and the joy they take in talking about it… in rather colourful ways. You will see that it is no surprise that the Surrealist movement found a second home in Belgium!

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Here are a few ways to express your delight about food like a true Belgian gourmand.

When in Flanders, you can say:

  • ‘Iemand de oren van het hoofd eten’, literally to eat the ears of someone’s head when you fancy eating an indecent amount of food.
  • ‘Honger is de beste saus’, hunger is the best sauce because any food tastes better when you’re hungry.
  • ‘Verandering van spijs doet eten’, or change of food makes you eat, which expresses the increased excitement one gets for food when travelling and changing scenery.

In Wallonia:

  • ‘Ça te goûte ?’ literally means Does it taste to you? This is the Walloon way of making sure that you like what you are eating, to which you can answer:
    ‘Oufti, didjû ti, qu’ j’ai bon !’ (Oufti, in the name of God, you, I’ve got it good!) to express your fulfilment. In fact, you can use the untranslatable word ‘Oufti’ for all kinds of expressions of surprise, disgust, outrage, amusement… well everything, really.
  • If you enjoyed your beer and are ready for ‘the same again’, just ask your waiter for ‘la p’tite sœur’, or the little sister, and…
  • … if you’d like to know if your friend would like another beer, they’re likely to answer you with a joyous ‘Non, peut-être !’ or No, maybe!, which means a definite ‘Yes’.

You also should know that, despite the relatively small size and proximity of Belgian towns, the dialects can vary often to the point of misunderstanding. For example, when buying sweets in Liège, ask for ‘chiques’ but in Brussels ask for ‘boules’, as if you ask for ‘chiques’ in Brussels, people will think you are looking for chewing gums, and ‘boules’ (balls) in Liège will make the liégeois think that you might be after something rather indecent.

Here’s a little tour of some Belgian specialities so you’re sure you get what you want:

Frites and Frietshutterstock_441505594

Please, do yourself a favour and don’t called them French fries, at least not at earshot of a Belgian! The pride in our frites lays in the process of cooking them twice and the fact that they are ‘proper’, i.e., pretty thick and crispy on the outside but soft like mashed potato in the inside. You can get them in a cone for next to nothing at the friture if you’re in Wallonia (and not friterie like the French say!) or at the fritkot if you’re in Flanders.

Lacquements

Very flat, two-layered wafers soaked in a syrup, the recipe of which is kept secret by two family-run companies. You can only enjoy this  indulgent delicacy during the month of October in Liège, when the funfair is on. Not a kid, adult or elderly person in town skips this delicacy or doesn’t try to guess the ingredients in the precious syrup. Delicious, but careful, ‘ça plaque’ (it’s sticky) like the Walloons say.

Boulets liégeois

A big favourite amongst locals and tourists alike, these huge meatballs are slowly cooked in a gravy of brown beer and Sirop de Liège. The syrup, black and very thick, is adored by the Liégeois, so much so that a full chapter was written about it in the beautiful Walloon short story collection Les Ceux de chez nous (1914).

Mitraillette

Literally, the submachine gun, is half a French bread (or the Belgian name for the baguette) filled with chips and covered in sauce. One deadly lunch indeed!

Waterzooï

This famous creamy stew originates from Flanders, but is loved across the country. The term ‘zooï’ comes from the Middle Dutch for ‘boil’ and is traditionally made with fish. Simple and fragrant, like most Belgian cuisine, it is heartier than it looks.

Speculoos

shutterstock_520537972.jpgSpiced caramel biscuits that are consumed by the kilo at the celebration of Saint Nicholas (who Santa Claus was derived from) on December 6th, but which accompany almost every single cup of tea or coffee in cafés around the country all year round.

Cuberdons

Both Walloons and Flemish claim the invention of these cone-shaped sweets that are hard on the outside with a jelly filling in the inside. Due to their short shelf life they’re not suitable for export and thus only available in Belgium (with a few rare exceptions). In Ghent, there is a well-known cuberdon-war between 2 sellers, which regularly requires police intervention!

I could go on and on and on… and while I suggest you read a ‘beer guide’ to know the difference between Pils, Abbey, Trappistes, Lambic, Tripel, Dubbel, etc., the best way is to visit Belgium with your own eyes, taste buds and ears, and enjoy the diversity of food and food-related ‘belgicisms’ for yourself.

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As Memrise’s French Language Specialist, I love to prove French is a much more flexible and playful language than most people tend to think by de-dramatising grammar and teaching colourful turns of phrases.

Always trying to find the best multilingual play on words, I wish I had the awesome, lyrical flow of MC Solaar or Jacques Brel.

Bilingualism Around The World

English around the world

In 2018, the places around the world that are still completely untouched by the English language are few and far between, and the influence of English only looks set to continue growing in the near future. But did you know that the number of people who speak English as a second or third language far outnumber native English speakers in the world?

With the growing presence of English around the world, countless places are also injecting their own local flavour in the English spoken there just as they adopt bits of English into their own languages.

We have talked about Spanglish and Denglish, but now let’s take a quick trip around the world and check out a few other ‘World Englishes’.

 

1) Hinglish / हिंग्लिश

India is the country with the second largest population in the world, and it is also the country with the second largest number of English speakers if you include those who speak it as a second and third language! Although India has many different languages spoken all over the country including Tamil, Panjabi, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi and Telugu, to name just a few, a very large part of the population can speak and understand both Hindi and English to some extent.

This creates the opportunity for a wonderful mix of those two languages, where you might hear somebody say something like “My sabse best friend bahut nice hai!” My best friend is very nice!

Have a listen to this Hinglish shampoo advert and see how much you can understand:

2) Singlish

Singapore is a real cultural and linguistic melting pot with large communities of people speaking lots of different languages. Besides English, most people here can also understand and speak some Malay, Tamil, and various Chinese languages such as Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew, and Mandarin, amongst others. Locals often mix up words and grammar from these languages to create the unique and fascinating Singlish.

One cool example of how expressive Singlish can be is the many uses of the word “can”:

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Check out this Singlish announcement on an aeroplane taking off from Singapore.

3) Chinglish / 中式英语

Chinglish can describe the meeting of English with any of the Chinese languages. There are many Chinglish expressions in English such as “Long time no see!” from “好久不见!” and “lose face” from “丢脸”. But increasingly common are English words creeping into Chinese, often with a quite different meaning from the English.

So if your Chinese friend says to you “我们今晚一起出去high吧!” (Let’s go out and ‘high‘ together tonight!), they probably aren’t suggesting that you go and take some illegal substance, they just want to go out and have a good time.

Have a look at this Chinese comedian’s explanation (in Chinese) of 8 different ways you can mix English into your Chinese to sound like a fluent Chinglish speaker:

4) Japanese-made English / 和製英語

Perhaps one of the most creative Englishes of the world is Japanglish or wasē-ēgo (Japanese-made English), the Japanese have come up with a wonderful range of ‘English’ words uniquely understandable to themselves.

Here are just some of my favourite wasē-ēgo words:

マジックテープ magic tape – velcro

スキンシップ skinship – bonding through physical contact or intimacy

ハイタッチ high touch – a high five

フライドポテト fried potato – chips/fries

ウォシュレット washlet – a toilet that will also wash your bum for you when you’re finished

5) West African Pidgin

West African Pidgin is a language with over 75 millions speakers that has its roots in English and the many diverse languages of West Africa. It began to emerge centuries ago when the region was being ravaged by the Atlantic Slave Trade when people from different places and cultures where thrown together and in need of a common language to communicate with. Since then, the language has continued to serve this purpose throughout the region with large numbers of speakers in Nigera, Cameroon, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Equatorial Guinea. However each of these countries have their own variations of the language:

  • Sierra Leone Krio:

Dem dey go for go it res — They are going there to eat rice

  • Ghanaian/Nigerian Pidgin English:

Dem dey go chop rais — They are going there to eat rice

  • Cameroonian Pidgin English:

Dey di go for go chop rice — They are going there to eat rice

6) Talk Pidgin / Tok Pisin

Any idea which country in the world has the most languages in the world? No? OK, I’ll tell you. It’s Papua New Guinea. This small Oceanian country is home to around 12% of the world’s languages (852 of them to be exact).

You might be wondering how a country like that could get anything done with so many languages. Well, just like in West Africa, two new languages developed around places where the most trading was happening. These were pidgin languages, aka, languages with very simple grammar and pronunciation used between speakers of different languages for communication. PNG’s two pidgin languages are Hiri Motu and Tok Pisin, with Tok Pisin now being used by around 5 million people.

Being a simple pidgin language, Tok Pisin has just a few simple words used as ‘building blocks’ to create more complicated meanings. For example:

Grass bilong hed (grass belong head) – hair

Sop bilong gras (soap belong grass) – shampoo

Em i gat bigpela hevi (him he got big-fellow heavy/problem) – he has a big problem

Kaikai bilong moningtaim (‘kaikai’ belong morning-time) – breakfast

Kaikai bilong nait (‘kaikai’ belong night) – dinner

 

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 Rob is Memrise‘s English Language Specialist, teaming up with the other language specialists to create language courses that will help you explore the world by unlocking your language superpowers. He also works with Memrise‘s Marketing Team to make fun videos and blog posts to inspire all the language learners out there.

In his spare time, he can usually be found learning languages – currently Hindi & Greek – and exploring the wonders that the London theatre and comedy scenes have in store.